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Endodontics refers to the branch of dentistry concerned with the root, as well as the pulp inside the tooth. Through many different processes such as trauma, infection via viruses/ bacteria, and thermal irritation, the pulp of the tooth can get damaged. Although this nerve injury is initially reversible, progression of the injury can cause irreversible damage, leading to pulp death.
The goal of an endodontic procedure is to remove the infected pulp and fill the space in order to prevent additional re-infection of the canal.
The pulp tissue consists of blood vessels, connective tissue and nerves. When the pulp becomes infected, the tooth, its internal tissue, and the surrounding bone can be damaged and an abscess can form.
Root canal treatment is a procedure that removes the infected nerve or pulp, which is the inner part of the tooth.
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It is a procedure that is needed to remove infection from the root tips of teeth by removing the tip of the infected tooth and cleaning the surrounding bone. If an infection persists in the bone surrounding a tooth despite a previous root canal treatment, an apicoectomy surgery is needed.
Any tooth with previous endodontic treatment has a small risk of becoming re-infected. In this case, the tooth can become infected and painful. A re-treatment is a follow-up procedure that can save the affected tooth.
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